People with diabetes are at an increased risk for developing periodontal disease (gum disease), known as periodontitis, because they are generally more susceptible to bacterial infection, and have a decreased ability to fight bacteria that invade the gums.
On the flip side, serious periodontal disease may have the potential to affect blood-glucose control and contribute to loss of control over blood glucose levels leading to progression of diabetes.
Too much glucose or sugar in your blood from the diabetes helps harmful bacteria to grow in your saliva which further can lead to infection, pain and other problems in your teeth and gums.
These bacteria combine with food to form plaque, a soft, sticky film that causes tooth decay or cavities.
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Over the time it can also lead to inflammation or infection in the bone which houses the roots of the teeth, known as apical periodontitis.
Periodontitis raises blood sugar levels and may lead to Type II Diabetes
We are aware, since a long time, of the fact that people with diabetes, especially uncontrolled diabetes, have more gum disease than those without diabetes.
By Dr. Wasim Rasool Wani
Specialist at Dantah