1/04/2021

Oral Manifestations of HIV: Case Studies

Oral medicine

Many oral lesions have been associated with HIV infection with the most notable being candidiasis (erythematous, pseudomembranous), hairy leukoplakia, Kaposi’s sarcoma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and periodontal disease (linear gingival erythema, necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis).

Hairy leukoplakia and oral candidiasis have been demonstrated to be positive predictors of HIV disease progression. However, while it is generally agreed HIV-associated oral lesions are useful markers of HIV disease, their true prevalence is unknown.



Improved pharmacological strategies, specifically highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), appear to modulate the prevalence of HIV-associated oral lesions. HAART also dramatically improves laboratory profiles (increased CD4 counts, decreased viral load).


Erosive Tooth Wear
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Souce: Youtube / National Center For Primary Care